Hyperthyroidism is a disorder characterized by an excess of circulating free thyroid hormones. Thyroid is an endocrine gland in the shape of a butterfly, which weighs less than 30 grams. This gland produces thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), hormones that influence the metabolism, the body temperature, the heart rate and more.
The secretion of thyroxine and triiodothyronine is controlled by the pituitary gland and hypothalamus. If the thyroid gland secretes hormones in excess, the metabolism is accelerated, causing weight loss, sweating, digestive system hypermotility (diarrhea), irregular heart beat, nervousness and irritability. This condition is know as hyperthyroidism.
In most cases, hyperthyroidism is caused by Basedow’s disease (antibodies produced by the immune system, stimulate a hypersecretion of thyroxine by the thyroid). Normally, antibodies protect the body against viruses, bacteria and other foreign substances that are harmful for our body. In case of Basedow’s disease, antibodies attack the thyroid gland. The causes of this disease are not known exactly, although genetic factors are usually involved.
Another form of hyperthyroidism is due to the occurrence of an adenoma in the thyroid gland, which begins to produce hormones in excess. Adenoma is a benign tumor that develops on a gland, causing its growth. The excess of iodine, thyroiditis and thyroid cancer can also cause hyperthyroidism. Other triggers of this condition include autoimmune diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, vitiligo, Addison’s disease), diabetes, radioactive iodine, etc.
People suffering from hyperthyroidism complain about weight loss, tachycardia (accelerated heart rate), arrhythmia (heart rhythm disorder) or palpitations, nervousness, anxiety, irritability, tremor of the hands and fingers, sweating, diarrhea, fatigue, muscle weakness and insomnia. Other symptoms include exophthalmos (protrusion of the eyeball), redness and swelling of the eyes, increased sensitivity to light, etc.
The most serious problem associated with this disease is the thyroid storm, a life threatening condition. It presents extreme symptoms of hyperthyroidism, such as irritability, too high or too low blood pressure, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea, rapid heartbeat or chest pain, fever, etc. In this case, the doctor will administrate an intravenous steroid such as hydrocortisone or beta- blockers.
Hyperthyroidism treatment involves the temporary use of suppressive thyrostatics medication, radioisotope therapy, and administration of beta- blockers, radioisotope therapy and surgery. However, you can improve your condition by following some simple steps. Most doctors will recommend you to avoid the consumption of products containing iodine.
It’s advisable to consume food rich in carbohydrates and protein, cheese, milk, fruit, vegetables and supplements. The metabolism works faster than usual, so it’s necessary to provide enough energy to the body. Also, avoid intense physical effort.
There are many effective homeopathic remedies for patients suffering from hyperthyroidism. Homeopathic remedies are prepared from a large variety of natural substances, such as herbs and minerals. The treatment must be prescribed depending on the patient’s mental, physical and emotional symptoms, taking into account his medical history. Homeopathic remedies stimulate the immune and hormonal system to regain balance, having good results on long term.
Although it can’t be prevented, hyperthyroidism is a treatable disease. The best is to consult a doctor immediately after you notice the first signs and symptoms. Keep in mind that the thyroid plays a vital role in your life.