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The Five Parts of the Male Reproductive System

Understanding prostate health happens only once you know the structure of the male reproductive system. Knowing everything is like learning to address the need of each part. It may be a hidden portion of the body, but it definitely has a lot of complications when not taken care of.

The male sexual apparatus consists of the penis, scrotum, testicles and several internal glands such as the prostate. Each of these parts has its functions in the reproductive system. You should not neglect the needs of these body parts. Here is a list of more information on each part.

Male Reproductive System Part #1 : The Testicles

The testicles or male gonads are the most crucial components of the male sexual system. These extraordinary glands determine and govern the maleness of an individual. This is contrasted with the secondary sexual characteristics such as beard, deep voice, heavy bones and narrow pelvis that control his ability to procreate.

Deprived of the testicles, as in castration, the individual cannot procreate. One may lose some of the secondary characteristics. Others fail to develop these characteristics at all if the castration occurs before puberty.

The testicles, which lie outside the body proper in a thin-skinned sac called the scrotum, consist of a large number of tubular structures. These ones are called seminiferous tubules. Additionally, the testicles are composed of cells between the tubules called interstitial cells.

Male Reproductive System Part #2 : The Sperm Cells

From puberty to senility, the seminiferous tubules are constantly producing sperm cells. These cells are said to be inMale Reproductive System charge of reproduction, thus called male reproductive cells. Production of these sperm cells is the primary purpose of the testicles. Their passage to the female reproductive tract is the primary purpose of the whole male sexual system.

Male Reproductive System Part #3 : Intestinal Cells

The intestinal cells produce the male hormone testosterone, which enters the blood stream and determines the male secondary sex characteristics. The seminiferous tubules go into the epididymis. This is a coiled tube partly covering the testicle which serves as a temporary storage area for the new sperm.

The epididymis in turn empties into a long, narrow duct called the seminal duct, through which the sperm cells pass to a larger storage area called the seminal vesicle. The seminal vesicles, in addition to serving as a storage area for sperm, also secrete a sticky viscous substance. This is one which aids in the preservation of the sperm and facilitates its further transport along the remainder of the seminal duct.

Male Reproductive System Part #4 : Urethra

The seminal duct finally empties into the urethra, a channel which normally serves to convey urine from the bladder to the outside. At this point, the urethra is surrounded by the prostate gland, which secretes another sticky white substance into the seminal fluid containing the sperm. This further facilitates the transport and preservation of the sperm. This final combined fluid is called semen.

Male Reproductive System Part #5 : Penis

The urethra passes into the erectile organ called the penis. Two small glands called Cowper’s glands or the bulbourethral glands occur in this area. When sexual activity takes place, these small glands secrete an alkaline fluid which neutralizes any traces of urine that might still remain in the urethra. The acid urine would otherwise be highly injurious to the sperm cells. During sexual activity, special muscles close off the urethra from the bladder, making it impossible for any fresh urine to enter the urethra while sexual activity lasts.

The penis, through which the urethra travels, serves as the organ of intromission into the female vagina for depositing the semen in the female reproductive tract. Under the impetus of sexual desire or excitement, the highly flexible tissues of the penis become engorged with blood. This normally flaccid organ assumes a rigid, greatly enlarged position called an erection.

The state of erection permits the penis to be inserted deeply into the vagina. The friction that is caused during erection will finally result to ejaculation of the semen into the vagina. This may eventually create fertilization if an egg is present in the female tract.

All has been said and analyzed about the male reproductive system, but nothing has been mentioned about prostate health. Well, prostate health depends upon the functioning of the system. If you take care of each part, there is no reason for you to fear about prostate problems. Otherwise, you might have to deal with the pain for a long time.

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